From trade in goods then trade in services, we now have digital trade. While there is no universally accepted definition, digital trade is generally understood to cover all cross-border resident/non-resident transactions that are either digitally ordered, online platform enabled, and/or digitally delivered.
There are plenty of reasons why intelligence professionals are alarmed by Huawei’s involvement in our 5G networks, particularly, the close relationship between Huawei and a Chinese government with a history of cyberespionage, writes Richard Fadden.
Trends like power train electrification and autonomous driving are causing a major structural change in vehicle manufacturing. This study will analyse to what extent German vehicle manu-facturers are ready to cope with these challenges.
Since North Korean leader Kim Jong Un took power, the North Korean economy has undergone significant changes in many aspects. At the core of these changes in the economy in the Kim Jong Un era is the official approval of state-owned businesses’ participation in the market economy and the adjustment of the roles of the state and business, both changes that were institutionalized through revisions of economic laws such as the People’s Economic Planning Act and Trade Act.
The on-going fundamental geopolitical, geoeconomic , social, political and economic transformations in the region of Central Asia as well as in its individual countries create new opportunities and challenges for the Visegrad4 countries.
The objective of this study is to analyse six assumptions that are frequently made in public discussions of the impact of Brexit on the Polish economy:
EuroPACE will develop a scalable on-tax financing mechanism to unlock the huge potential for deployment of energy saving and generation technologies to European households. The scheme is inspired by the successful US PACE scheme that was invented in California in 2008. The project will address several fundamental challenges to EE investment by (1) A Market-Based Approach: EuroPACE will deploy private capital as up-front financing to homeowners, i.e. reduce reliance on grants and subsidies.
Intellectual property protection has a positive effect on all four economic indicators: gross domestic product (GDP), trade, foreign direct investments (FDI) and the level of innovation. The confidence it gives investors leads to inflows of foreign capital that promote technology competition, which in turn fosters innovation. As a result, higher quality goods and service are produced within the country more efficiently.