In particular, this paper focuses on Chapter 20 of USMCA, which contains the intellectual property (IP) provisions. Vocal critics in Canada have claimed that Chapter 20 will add billions of dollars to our health care costs, limit creativity, and unfairly constrain online platforms. The paper addresses each of these.
Trade agreements—whether multilateral ones through the WTO, plurilateral ones such as the CPTPP, or bilateral agreements between two nations—represent the foundational vehicle through which nations remove trade barriers and deepen trade linkages. This category includes a wide array of GTIPA-member reports examining trade agreements their nations have implemented.