The U.S. lead in the digital economy is under threat as a growing number of countries enact overly restrictive and discriminatory laws and regulations around digital content they identify as illegal in ways that becomes barriers to trade. Explicit content review processes are the most visible aspect, but it also includes content distribution, Internet, and connectivity services as these play a crucial role in managing and controlling information, especially online. China is by far the worst offender. U.S. firms have lost significant revenue by being blocked or inhibited from accessing and operating in the Chinese market.
Trade agreements—whether multilateral ones through the WTO, plurilateral ones such as the CPTPP, or bilateral agreements between two nations—represent the foundational vehicle through which nations remove trade barriers and deepen trade linkages. This category includes a wide array of GTIPA-member reports examining trade agreements their nations have implemented.