HOW ARE THE NORMS PROCESSED IN THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION?

February 22, 2022

What is the course followed by the processing of the rules that will make up the text of the proposed new Constitution? The process of voting on the rules in committees and then in plenary, as well as the subsequent steps that follow those votes, can be confusing or unfamiliar to people. Next, we explain it with pears and apples

According to the flowchart for the processing of regulations, the first distinction is the processing in commissions and the processing in plenary.

The Constitutional Convention (“CC”) has 7 commissions made up of between 15 and 25 conventions, each dealing with different issues. The commissions are in charge of drafting the reports -“proposals”- of constitutional norms that will be heard by the Plenary.

Each commission is discussing, in turn, the issues that are their responsibility by thematic blocks . Thus, with respect to each thematic block in each commission, a first proposal for rules is generated that is discussed in general and in particular by the commission (in commission, approval is by simple majority of the conventional members of the commission, according to what indicated in article 92 of the General Regulations) which gives rise to the first report by block, which is then passed on to the Plenaryto be known by the 154 conventional constituents. For votes in the plenary session of constitutional norms, a quorum of 2/3 of the conventional ones in office governs to be considered approved. While the Plenary is reviewing these thematic block reports emanating from the different commissions, the commissions continue studying the topics of the following block, as well as the reports that the Plenary returns for a second proposal if they reached a simple majority in the Plenary.