January 27, 2022

Chile has experienced important political, social and economic processes in the last decade, ranging from the arrival to power, for the first time since the return to democracy, of a center-right government; a prolonged period of widespread social conflict, which reached a climax in October 2019, without prejudice to the violent events that have been occurring for years in La Araucanía, to a pandemic with significant health, psychological and economic consequences suffered by the country's population.

In order to understand these processes of change experienced in Chile, and with the aim of analyzing the variables that affect how cohesion or conflict has evolved and how to move forward in the recomposition of the social fabric, so as not to continue increasing the spiral of division and violence, we have analyzed the information from the Bicentennial Survey 2011 and 2012 to contrast it with the results obtained in the same in the same measurement for the year 2021. 

Translated with (free version)- In this report we compare five analytical categories from the 2011-2012 period with the 2021 survey. These are: expectations about the country in 10 years, perception of conflict, trust in public institutions, the role of the state and people in relation to their own well-being, and violence. well-being and violence.

- The comparative results of the Catholic University study are not auspicious. It is society is pessimistic, alarmed by the violence that can destroy the institutional order, and conflictive, in institutional order, and conflicted, with deepening divisions between different groups and institutional actors, with clear signs of institutional actors with clear signs that the old theories of class struggle have permeated in recent times. permeated in recent times. There is also a generalized distrust in public institutions and, finally, a change institutions and, finally, a profound cultural change with respect to the valuation of personal and State personal responsibility and that of the State in the task of achieving well-being.

- This situation makes the exercise of power by the next government more complex, especially because part of this cultural change and criticism of public of this cultural change and criticism of the current institutions has been raised by the same leaders who will be part of it. leaders who will be part of it.