Trade and Development

February 13, 2019

The availability of metals is conditional for the development of innovation-critical technologies needed in the transition to a sustainable society. However, the extraction and processing of such metals need to be sustainable.

February 13, 2019

In mid-January, two of the European Union’s largest economic powers met in Aachen to commit to closer cooperation and continued friendship.

January 14, 2019

International tax competition has been an emerging issue for years. There are various political approaches to agree on common standards on a supranational level.

January 8, 2019

One of the factors influencing the quality of teaching in an education institute is the number of students per teacher, referred to as the student-to-teacher ratio. The higher the ratio, the greater are the average number of students per teacher and the lesser is the time a teacher spends on an individua

January 7, 2019

The European Commission adopted the Blue Growth Strategy in 2012 in order to harness the potential of Europe’s oceans, seas and coasts for growth and jobs. Since the adoption of the strategy, the Blue Economy has become a driver for Europe’s welfare and prosperity.

January 3, 2019

Japan’s diplomats face a busy few months as Tokyo prepares to host the Group of 20 summit for the first time, just when international economic cooperation has rarely been under so much pressure.

December 17, 2018

Mounting concern over the impact of technology and automation on economic, social, and political systems has induced slow-moving panic in Europe and the United States.

December 15, 2018

Pakistan in the recent years has come to terms with several unexpected natural disasters. These events were inimical to infrastructure and livelihoods.Thousands of people have been injured, displaced and killed because of unforeseen floods, droughts, and cyclones.

December 1, 2018

In this report under the API we consider the economic relationship between ASEAN and the European Union (EU). The comparison is often made between these two regional blocs, which represent the two leading efforts to integrate their respective regions.

December 1, 2018

Malaysia’s paddy and rice sector is one of the most assisted and subsidized industries within the country, which has severe implications on the cost of rice production as well as the productivity of the industry.