Improving access to quality healthcare remains a key area of action for the member states of the United Nations. As they gather in New York for the 74th UN General Assembly, focus is upon the health-related Sustainable Development Goals. This paper adds to this debate by providing international trade policy suggests that would enhance universal healthcare by reducing unnecessary medicine costs and accelerating access to medicine.
Trade and Development
The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has released its annual report for 2018 detailing its accomplishments in research, policy recommendation, and collaboration in the following fields: Agriculture, natural resources, and environmental management; human development, labor markets, and poverty; institutions, law, and economics; macroeconomics, finance, and growth; public economics and governance; regional, urban, and rural development; science, technology, and innovation; and trade and industry and international economy.
This paper presents how the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) has evolved as an institution, the changes it has undergone, and the challenges it has faced for the past decades. More importantly, this paper tries to enumerate the roles of APEC in positioning the Philippines in the global economy.
Today, the United States and Europe stand before a series of major decisions regarding an extremely important region. Overlooking Chinese policy, particularly the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) in Central Asia and the Caucasus, could prove to be a costly miscalculation just like the deference shown the Soviet Union at the end of World War II.
This study examines the effectiveness of the new trade policy measures adopted by India with regard to bilateral trade with Myanmar across the land border and highlights the challenges faced by traders in shifting to normal trade. The key finding of the study is that there has been a substantial increase in informal trade and formal bilateral trade between India and Myanmar has become almost negligible in the last two years.
This report marks the inaugural publication of the Legatum Institute’s Global Index of Economic Openness. It measures the extent to which the economic systems of 157 countries around the world enable trade, competition and productivity, by measuring four pillars that describe the policy choices for countries: Market Access and Infrastructure, Investment Environment, Enterprise Conditions and Governance.
We find robust evidence for adverse effects of regulatory heterogeneity on intra-EU trade in the pre-harmonization period, which questions the implementation of the Cassis de Dijon principle. Our findings also suggest that the EU’s MRL harmonization may have improved access for non-EU, including non-OECD, exporters to the Common Market.
The objective of this study is to analyse six assumptions that are frequently made in public discussions of the impact of Brexit on the Polish economy:
The G20 is a forum of the 20 most politically and economically powerful countries of the world. Think20 (T20), the network of leading research institutes and think tanks from the G20 countries provides research-based policy advice to the G20, facilitates interaction among its members and the policy community, and communicates issues of global importance. This year, as part of T20, IPAG was a member of Task Force 10: Aging Population and its Economic Impact + Immigration. As one of the lead members, IPAG submitted a Policy Brief on “Role of innovative policies in incentivizing Women’s Labor Force participation – A response to trends in aging population” which has been published in the T20 2019 website.
While the modern Canadian economy is largely diversified, natural resources still play an incredibly important role when it comes to creating economic opportunity and prosperity. So, why can’t Canada seem to get resource development right?