In the last 20 years, foreign direct investments in the world have grown faster than both exports and production and has thus contributed strongly to the globalisation during this period.
Foreign direct investments are carried out by multinational enterprises (MNEs) – Swedish-owned MNEs and foreign-owned firms. Particularly important are foreign direct investments in small, developed countries, such as Sweden. MNEs play a prominent role in the Swedish business sector; 40 percent of the employees in the business sector are employed by MNEs, they account for 90 percent of the research and development (R&D) in the business sector, and for more than 75 percent of the exports of goods and services.
This report analyzes the impact of foreign direct investment on Swedish business.