Report on significant distortions in the economy of the Russian Federation for the purpose of trade defence investigations

May 3, 2019

Following a long period of unprecedented growth in international trade, the world trading system is currently facing considerable headwinds. One of the present challenges to free trade are State-induced distortions, which have the potential to reduce economic welfare in trading countries as well as in the country undertaking the intervention. Russia, a big player in many international markets and important trade partner for the EU, is still not meeting some of its WTO accession commitments. As far as the EU trade defence is concerned, among 237 anti-dumping and anti-subsidy proceedings initiated since 2003, Russia has been a respondent in 13 cases – that relatively small share is higher than Russia’s share in the world economy.