Innovation ecosystems are increasingly complex and diverse, but there are common markers of core strength. In this report, the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, the German Economic Institute, the Institute for Competitiveness, and the Macdonald-Laurier Institute benchmark 96 states and provinces across Germany, Italy, the United States, and Canada.
Innovation is the product of intentional human endeavor. Countries seeking world-leading innovative enterprises and industries need to implement thoughtful and effective national innovation systems, and supporting policy instruments, to maximize their innovation potential. Reports here review the innovation systems/policies of GTIPA-member nations.